Talking of inept reproductions, here's another one, showing the notes to the thirty-second game, which appeared on pages 100-103.
It's a reproduction in more senses than one, since if, after reading the above, you take a look at the chess column in the Spectator for 22 December 1984, you'll find a lot of it very familiar.
I've probably cut the Spectator excerpts a bit more crudely than I normally do but not, I think, quite as crudely as Ray's original copying. Here's a selection:
As I said on Wednesday, given that Ray had already reused these notes at least once already, I don't know why he bothered plagiarising Garry Kasparov On Modern Chess - he could have used his own old Spectator notes just as easily.
Not all the notes in The Moscow Challenge were ripped off from the Spectator, but a large proportion of notes to the decisive games (but not just the decisive games) were mostly copied from the magazine. Here, for instance, are the notes to game nine, which appeared on pages 47 to 49 of the book:
and in the periodical for 13 October 1984.
Remorselessly accurate indeed.
Should you happen to have a copy of the book, you can of course take a look at some of this recycling for yourself: a list, not necessarily exhaustive, of promising areas to look would include the following.
- 22 September 1984 games 2 and 3
- 29 September 1984 game 4
- 6 October 1984 game 6 (fragment) and game 7
- 20 October 1984 games 10 and 11
- 10 November 1984 game 19
- 12 January 1985 game 36
I'd like however to show you, briefly, two other examples. One is game sixteen, which appeared in the Spectator for 3 November 1984
and in The Moscow Challenge on pages 69 to 73.
I won't go through this in its entirety, but the recycling is so shameless that the introduction in the book
is lifted almost word-for-word from that in the periodical.
As you may ascertain to your own satisfaction, many of the notes are similarly copied, right up to the one that follows the draw agreement.
In fact, so lazy was the copying that Ray couldn't even be bothered to change the tenses from present to past: hence this Spectator note
appears thus in The Moscow Challenge
with "has been present" - where the original was "had been here" - instead of "had been present" (and come to that, "I learned") as one would expect.
Then, there's game thirteen, which you'll find in the Spectator column for 27 October 1984
and below, from pages 58-60 of the book.
I won't trouble the reader with all the copying, which is pretty extensive, but here's some examples:
Ray does take the trouble to correct an error in the Spectator
but other than that little effort has been made to depart from the original. Which is particularly curious, since the original column wasn't by Ray Keene.
So that constitutes plagiarism, does it not?
You or I may surmise that the game thirteen notes under Lamford's name were conceivably written by Keene himself, but that is not what it says, and in the absence of anything from either individual to say so, plagiarism is what it is.
And shameless, dishonest recycling of old notes is what the rst of it is. Here's the Acknowledgements, from page iv of the book.
Lots of thanks to lots of people, but nothing to say that any of the material had appeared anywhere else previously. Ray, and for that matter Batsford, were selling the book without informing the reader that much of the material had already been published elsewhere.
One wonder who knew this, and how much. Ray, of course, knew everything. Paul Lamford, for his part, may or may not have noticed that notes that had appeared under his own name were reused unacknowledged in a book published by the imprint for whom he was a Technical Editor.
But did anybody else at Batsford know - and how much? How much was known by people at the Spectator? And how much was known by readers and reviewers of the book?
This was not an isolated occurrence.
- - - - - -
UPDATE: Since a generous reader has sent me the originals of the Spectator pieces, I've replaced many of the images taken from the periodical's archive with what I hope are easier-to-read versions directly from the originals.
I was also amused, on looking at the originals, to see this, in the column for 22 December 1984.
Amused, because one of those human opponents, resourceful or otherwise, was me.
[Ray Keene plagiarism index]
[Ray copies Ray index]
[Ray Keene index]